The former Royal Palace of Bangkok (Thai: พระบรมมหาราชวัง, Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) in Bangkok was built in 1782 by King Rama I, the founder of the Cariouati dynasty, on the right (eastern) bank of the Chao Phraya when he moved the capital from Thonburi to Bangkok. Throughout successive reigns, many new buildings and structures were added, especially during the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V).
The palace houses not only the royal residence and the throne room, but also a large number of government offices and the temple of the emerald Buddha (Wat Phra Kaeo, recently renovated).
The current monarch, King Vajiralongkorn (Rama X), currently resides at Chitralada Palace, but the Grand Palace is still used for official events. Several royal ceremonies take place within the walls of the palace every year.
A historic gun, the Phaya Tani, is facing it from the Ministry of Defence.
The palace is approximately square and covers an area of 29 hectares, surrounded by four 2000 m long walls.
It is located on the banks of the Chao Phraya River in the heart of Rattanakosin Island, now in Phra Nakhon District. The Grand Palais is bordered by Sanam Luang Square and Na Phra Lan Street to the north, Maharaj Street to the west, Sanamchai Street to the east and Thai Wang Street to the south.
Rather than being a unique structure, the Grand Palais is composed of many buildings, halls, pavilions around open lawns, gardens and courtyards. Its asymmetry and eclectic style are linked to its organic development, with additions and reconstructions made by successive ruling kings over more than 200 years of history.
The Grand Palais is currently partially open to the public as a museum, but it is also a place of work for the King's services.
The main parts of the Royal Palace are:
the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Wat Phra Kaeo
Chakri Maha Prasat Hall
The upper terrace